Intended for healthcare professionals
CPD modules

Blood glucose management in diabetes

  • Peer reviewed
  • Certificate
  • Learning time: 02 hrs
  • Last updated: 2022
  • Link to RCNi Revalidation Portfolio

This learning module explores how blood glucose management and patient education are essential in diabetes care. It considers the link between blood glucose levels and the incidence of diabetes-related complications, and highlights the different monitoring strategies, particularly self-monitoring in people with type 2 diabetes.

Don't forget that you don't have to complete our two-hour learning modules all in one go. Tailor your learning to fit your busy schedule by undertaking one or two sections at a time. You can stop and save your learning at any point, and pick up where you left off when you return.

Intended learning outcomes

This learning module for nurses aims to highlight the role of blood glucose management in the prevention of diabetes-related complications, and to provide information on the different methods and approaches that can be used to monitor diabetes control.

After reading this module and completing the time out activities you should be able to:

  • Discuss the importance of effective blood glucose management in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
  • Identify recommended blood glucose levels in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
  • Discuss the use of urinalysis, HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin) and self-monitoring of blood glucose in reducing the risk of diabetes-related complications.
  • Recognise patterns and trends in patients blood glucose levels.

This learning module is broken down into the following sections:

  • Aims & Intended learning outcomes
  • Introduction
  • Diabetes-related complications
  • Monitoring glucose levels
  • Self-monitoring of blood glucose
  • Frequency of blood glucose monitoring
  • Conclusions


Please note that information provided by RCNi Learning is not sufficient to ensure competence in the skill. Assessment of competence should take place in line with local practice. Practice should always align with local protocols and procedures, latest guidelines and any regulatory code. All modules should currently be viewed together with available national and local Covid-19 guidelines. For advice, go to

Paula Mayo, Lecturer in diabetes care, School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, Leeds, England.
Theresa Smyth, Nurse consultant in diabetes, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, and honorary visiting professor, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, England.

Access to RCNi Learning is now included as part of RCNi Plus



Your subscription package includes:
  • Customisable clinical dashboard with full access to all topics
  • RCNi’s 10 online specialist journals and their archives
  • RCNi Learning featuring 170+ CPD-accredited modules
  • RCNi Revalidation Portfolio and revalidation alerts
  • Personalised newsletters tailored to your clinical interests
  • Dedicated apps to keep you informed on the go

- You may cancel at any time -

RCN Student member?

Why learn with us?

All our modules include CPD certificates. They are evidence-based and have been subject to an external double-blind peer review.

Personal revalidation RCNi Revalidation Portfolio to document learning. Download as a PDF to submit to the NMC

Log CPD hours, write a reflective account and save certificate into RCNi Revalidation Portfolio

Pre and post module tests let you measure your progress. Further reading list included