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Dietary approaches to promote bone health in adults

Author: Carrie Ruxton

Duration: 2 hours Last updated: 2019 Quality Assurance: Peer-reviewed Level: Qualified nurses, Students Language: English

Course description

The aim of this module is to promote an understanding of bone turnover or bone remodelling and how dietary and lifestyle changes may help to improve bone health. This information will be of benefit to those at risk of developing osteoporosis, for example post-menopausal women, those who have experienced a fragility fracture because of weakened bones, those who have a malabsorptive disorder such as Crohn's disease or coeliac disease, or individuals with distinct dietary and/or lifestyle patterns.

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Learning aims and intended outcomes

  • Define the terms osteomalacia and osteoporosis and recognise the impact of peak bone mass on these conditions
  • Understand the biological processes involved in the cycle of bone turnover, also known as bone remodelling
  • Identify the main nutrients involved in bone health and outline their role
  • Recommend simple nutrition and lifestyle strategies that could help to improve bone health


  • Introduction
  • Bone health nutrients
  • Dietary intakes of bone health nutrients
  • Dietary approaches
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements


Carrie Ruxton
Freelance dietician, Nutrition Communications, Cupar, Fife, Scotland.


Please note that information provided by RCNi Learning is not sufficient to ensure competence in the skill. Assessment of competence should take place in line with local practice. Practice should always align with local protocols and procedures, latest guidelines and any regulatory code. All modules should currently be viewed together with available national and local Covid-19 guidelines. For advice, go to


  • Introduction
  • Bone health nutrients
  • Dietary intakes of bone health nutrients
  • Dietary approaches
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements

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